Synthesis of implemented actions, their outcomes (results/effects) and impacts

Actions/objetsPeriodArea or placeResults/ EffetsImpacts Impacts
Support to the creation and development of young businesses2007 – 2016Maritime Region: the 07 prefectures

  • Six hundred and thirty (630) young people were trained on business creation and management;

  • About 400 companies created.




  • Two hundred and sixty-five (265) companies have been in the market for more than 3 years;

  • One thousand seven hundred and sixty-four (1764) direct jobs created;

  • At least 1764 people have left unemployment and earned income;

  • About 5000 indirect jobs created.


  • Inclusion of marginalized groups in national economic, social and financial life;

  • Contribution of enterprises to national GDP with direct and indirect taxes;

  • Reduction of unemployment and underemployment through the creation of direct and indirect jobs.


Support for the creation and development of cooperative and pre-cooperative societies2013- 2016Maritime Region: the 07 prefectures

  • One hundred and nineteen (119) cooperatives or pre-cooperatives formed and supported, supported by the need for structuring;

  • One thousand two hundred and ten (1210) members directly benefiting from training and technical assistance improved their production;

  • Thirty-five (35) Cooperative Societies or GIEs have obtained credits and are accompanied in the implementation of their activities.



  • The 1210 members of supervised cooperatives increased their income;

  • The 35 GIEs, ie 100%, increased their production by 71%;

  • Thirty-five (35) Economic Interest Groups (EIG) are transferred to cooperative societies according to the provisions of the OHADA law;

  • The income of the members of the 35 EIGs and the resources of the latter increased by more than 50%.



  • Inclusion of marginalized groups in national economic, social and financial life;

  • Beneficiaries invest more in the quality of life (medical care, nutrition, education) of their families (eg children) than before the intervention of PASYD;

  • Reduction of morbidity and mortality rates in vulnerable social groups.


Support to local populations in the installation and management of Multifunctional Platforms (PTFM) 2011 - 2016Maritime Region: 7 prefectures: 30 enclave villages

  • Thirty (30) PTFMs are set up as rural enterprises and have become functional;

  • One hundred and eighty (180) members of 30 economic interest groups (GIE) including 110 women are supported in the exploitation and the profitability of the PTFM as companies;

  • Ninety-two (92) women from 14 EIGs perform additional income-generating activities around PTFMs



  • One hundred and eighty (180) cooperative group members improved their incomes;

  • The populations of 30 beneficiary villages and 200 surrounding villages have access to basic energy services and save time in access to the mill and use energy services for agricultural processing and communication.



  • Contribution to the financial autonomy of women and the improvement of female leadership through women's access to decision-making positions in cooperatives. The presidency of each of the 30 PTFM operator GIEs is provided by women;

  • Agricultural production has increased in all cities receiving PTFM;

  • Economic inclusion of women.


As shown in the table above, the NGO PASYD has carried out activities to promote entrepreneurship among various targets in line with its "Improving the income of poor and vulnerable populations" axis.

The NGO's entrepreneurship promotion activities with unemployed graduates and the unemployed have allowed them to access income. All the young entrepreneurs selected in the sample of our study said they benefited from PASYD's supervision. They all created small businesses and are all self-employed. We visited a total of 50. Cécile NOUGBOLO, a Restorer said: "Before, I did not trust myself and only looked for work. Since my entrepreneurship training, I have been able to create a restaurant. At first I waited for the customers to come and eat at my place. I had 4 to 6 a day. With the support of PASYD, I will personally look for clients in the small businesses that surround me (bank branches, microfinance, shops etc ...) and everything is fine now. I welcome 30 - 50 clients a day and I develop the catering service ".

The promotion of entrepreneurship among craftsmen has enabled many of them to create businesses or transform their workshops into businesses. The difference observed among young artisans who have become entrepreneurs lies largely in the state of mind with which the craftsman approaches the exercise of his profession. Those of them who had already created a workshop or carried out their trades at home before PASYD's support unanimously affirmed that they handled their trades naivety and passivity. This way of doing things did not allow them to make a living. They say that what they have acquired the most is aggression, that is to say the provocation of the market with the proposal of innovative products. Emmanuel YAKPE, a young boilermaker said, "If the market does not come, I'll go to the market. I have not been out of business since I understood and my turnover has more than doubled. "

Support for economic interest groups and cooperatives has helped beneficiaries improve their incomes. In the case of artisans, some of whom already had workshops before benefiting from the programs of PASYD, many testimonies were received concerning the improvement of production and income.

The NGO also, in collaboration with the state supported thirty village communities with the installation of multifunctional Platforms (PTFM). A mechanism for providing access to basic energy services, the PTFM is a social enterprise that is operated by a cooperative group as a company whose profits contribute to improving the living conditions of the farmers while providing prospects for new economic activities in the area. the communities. The establishment of the PTFM has indeed contributed to improving the villagers' incomes and better living conditions in the beneficiary communities.

Actions/objetsPeriodArea or placeResults/ EffetsImpactsImpacts
Support to structuring local communities (structural organization elaboration Local Development Plans (LDP)) 2009 - 2012Sixteen (16) village communities assisted.
Region Maritime : 11
Région des Plateaux : 05

  • Sixteen (16) villages organized into village associations and assisted in elaboration of local development plans

  • • Hundred and ninety two (192) community leaders in total trained in 16 communities and constitute local conscience awakening relays and guide of community actions

  • Mechanisms of mobilization of resources for implementation of actions of LDP in 09 localities ;

  • Basic social infrastructures constructed in 09 villages



  • The structuring permits grassroots communities to have interlocutors who taken initiatives for conscience awakening, organization of projects or negociation of financing external actors;

  • The structuring permits grassroots communities to have interlocutors who taken initiatives for conscience awakening, organization of projects or negociation of financing external actors .



  • The communities' awareness of their development needs and the existence of internal capacities and organizational mechanisms lay the foundation for an endogenous and sustainable development process;

  • Participatory planning implemented by the NGO as part of the development of local development plans facilitates ownership of the vision of change by community leaders and creates motivation among members of the local beneficiary communities.


Assistance to grassroots communities in conception and implementation of community projects


Assistance to grassroots communities in conception and implementation of community projects
2011 - 2015Maritime region: Agodokpé, HihlagbéBatékpo, Tonoukouti.

Region of
Plateaux, Kpévé : Avétonou, Dzaga, Adakakpé.

  • Six (06) buildings de 3 classroom school buildings + shop+ direction + latrines constructed in 6 communities ;

  • Eight hundred (800) desks offered to 9 primary schools in beneficiary communities ;

  • Three (03) villages assisted in setting up projects early childhood promotion centers (ECPCs).



  • School activities are stable in beneficiary communities and are no longer perturbated when there is bad weather;

  • School enrolment rates and results are better in beneficiary communities;

  • Beneficiary communities enjoy social organization which allow them to manage sustainably infrastructures constructed and find solutions to needs;

  • Diminution of open air anarchical defecation in the vicinity of schools;

  • About 100 children of 02-05ans beneficiaries every year since 2008 of education of early age in the three communities, beneficiaries of ECPCs;

  • 1200 women freed from the burden of children aged 02-05 years who attend ECPCs intensify their participation in economic activities and enhance their incomes;

  • About 400 children have received preschool education in these villages.



  • The establishment of viable solutions for the education of children lay the foundations for endogenous and self-centered and sustainable development of the beneficiary communities;

  • The experience and trust of the beneficiary communities in the success of the projects carried out enhances their capacity and motivation to mobilize internal and external resources to solve their problems;

  • The status of women has improved through greater participation of women in economic and social life;

  • A taste for early education raises the primary school enrollment rate to 100% in beneficiary communities;

  • Female leadership is improving in beneficiary communities through the financial empowerment of women.


Actions/objetsDates et LieuxResults/ EffetsImpacts Impacts
Education of the people about their rights and duties for citizen participation and without violence in the electoral process in Togo

  • Municipality of Lomé and its surroundings in 2013 and 2015;

  • Zio Prefecture in 2007.



  • 470 community leaders trained on the rights and responsibilities of citizens and non-violence during elections;

  • 123,000 people including 97,000 women sensitized during public meetings.



  • Uncivilized acts or violence are not recorded before and after the elections;

  • The presidential and legislative elections organized from 2007 to 2015 took place peacefully.



  • Reduction of vandalism

  • Consolidation of social peace;

  • Strengthening the culture of democracy in the target communities.


Education of populations respect for public goods and urban infrastructure in Togo Four (4) Commons:

  • Lomé;

  • Notse;

  • Kpalimé and

  • Atakpamé.

2011 - 2012

  • Nine hundred and sixty (960) opinion leaders (Chiefs, QCD managers, religious authorities, union leaders) were trained;

  • About 2,000,000 people were directly sensitized on notions of citizenship and respect for public goods in Togo.



  • Awareness of beneficiary populations of a high sense of respect for community and public goods;

  • Availability of community, union and religious leaders trained to prosecute neighborhoods, unions and churches and the media;

  • Development of spontaneous initiatives for clean neighborhood operations, cleaning gutters, street cleaning and public places.



  • Decrease of the flood in the 04 communes;

  • Improvement of public health and living environment;

  • Amplification of communication on the garbage jet on the streets and the filling of gutters of solid waste;

  • Appropriation du sujet par des acteurs étatiques et non étatiques.


Environmental education to the community for better protection of Mont Agou ecosystems Plateaux Region
2013 - 2014

  • Ten (10) nurserymen trained and supported in the realization of nurseries and in the reforestation of the Krinigbo river;

  • Three thousand (3000) disappearing species are planted;

  • Four thousand (4000) inhabitants of riparian communities sensitized on the protection of the ecosystem and the importance of reforestation.



  • 100% of beneficiary communities have become aware of environmental risks and the need for sustainable management of the environment;

  • Development of spontaneous reforestation initiatives in the village of Agou Kébo Dalavé and its neighboring communities;

  • Organization of riverside communities to monitor the Agou mountain ecosystem.



  • Stop the degradation of the Agou mountain ecosystem;

  • Restoration of vegetation of degraded ecosystems;

  • Planting endangered species in the mountain ecosystem.


Advocacy for equitable access to public and private employment in Togo The five (05) regions of Togo and Lomé commune
2014 - 2015

  • The capacity of 325 state and non-state actors involved in enhanced employment issues;

  • Decision-makers have been sensitized on the subject through the advocacy document developed for this purpose;

  • Populations have been sensitized on the principles of equity, equality and merit in access to employment.



  • 100% of the trained actors realized the need to promote the principles of equity, equality and merit in access to private and public employment;

  • The debate on equity and equal opportunities of citizens in access to training schools, competitions to enter the public service injustices in recruitment practices in the country was launched;

  • Public debates on the subject are appropriate by the media and pursued.



  • The culture of excellence

  • Social cohesion;

  • The law on equitable access to jobs (not yet taken).


Promotion of volunteering and international in Togo Maritime Region and Lome common:
Since 2001 for international volunteering and since 2012 for national volunteering

  • 2,500 national volunteers supervised in development missions since 2012 of their mission in the Maritime region;

  • 300 Western volunteers mobilized in development actions in Togo.



  • Development structures benefit from human support that increases their capacity to intervene in favor of the population;

  • Experience gained in the workplace improves the employability of young people engaged in volunteering.



  • The quantity and quality of poverty reduction actions have increased in the Region;

  • At least 60% of young volunteers have access to a decent job before the end of the possible duration of volunteering in 5 years;

  • Reduction of unemployment;

  • Young people develop high values of altruism and citizenship.


Brief appraisal of realizations

In the theory of change it is written what follows: “The change promoted by PASYD purports to be sustainable with concrete and significant effects on the lives of the beneficiaries and their communities. It is the effect a lucid conjugation of changes in the collective and individual resources of the populations and their behaviors regarding the utilization of these resources”. This vision seems to have guided all the actions of PASYD during the first fifteen (15) years of its existence. The main realizations of the NGO are the following:

  • 119 cooperative corporations or economic interest groups trained or structured, be it 1210 members directly trained;
  • 35 cooperative corporations or EIGs had access to bank financing;
  • 630 young people had been trained on the creation and the management of business;
  • 265 micro and small enterprises created;
  • 30 multifunctional platforms are established in 30 village communities and they are running effectively in 30 landlocked village communities;
  • 180 members of 30 economic interest groups among whom 110 women are trained in business management and rural entrepreneurship;
  • 16 local development plans are elaborated in support to 16 village communities;
  • 06 complete kits of school buildings of three classrooms are constructed and equipped in 06 villages;
  • 03 early childhood promotion centers are constructed and equipped in three villages;
  • 800 school furnishings;
  • 470 community leaders trained on the rights and responsibilities of citizens and non-violence during elections;
  • A process of advocacy engaged on access to equitable private and public jobs;
  • 960 opinion leaders trained on the respect and the maintenance of community and public properties;
  • 10 nurserymen trained and accompanied in realizing plant nurseries and reforestation in the vicinity of Krinigboriver;
  • 3000 endangered species are planted;
  • 4000 people sensitized on the protection of the ecosystem and on the importance of reforestation;
  • 2500 national volunteers are regularly supervised and monitored in the accomplishment of their mission in the Maritime Region.

Critical Analysis of effects and impacts of the action of PASYD

Brief appraisal of realizations

In the theory of change it is written what follows: “The change promoted by PASYD purports to be sustainable with concrete and significant effects on the lives of the beneficiaries and their communities. It is the effect a lucid conjugation of changes in the collective and individual resources of the populations and their behaviors regarding the utilization of these resources”. This vision seems to have guided all the actions of PASYD during the first fifteen (15) years of its existence. The main realizations of the NGO are the following:
  • 119 cooperative corporations or economic interest groups trained or structured, be it 1210 members directly trained;
  • 35 cooperative corporations or EIGs had access to bank financing;
  • 630 young people had been trained on the creation and the management of business;
  • 265 micro and small enterprises created;
  • 30 multifunctional platforms are established in 30 village communities and they are running effectively in 30 landlocked village communities;
  • 180 members of 30 economic interest groups among whom 110 women are trained in business management and rural entrepreneurship;
  • 16 local development plans are elaborated in support to 16 village communities;
  • 06 complete kits of school buildings of three classrooms are constructed and equipped in 06 villages;
  • 03 early childhood promotion centers are constructed and equipped in three villages;
  • 800 school furnishings;
  • 470 community leaders trained on the rights and responsibilities of citizens and non-violence during elections;
  • A process of advocacy engaged on access to equitable private and public jobs;
  • 960 opinion leaders trained on the respect and the maintenance of community and public properties;
  • 10 nurserymen trained and accompanied in realizing plant nurseries and reforestation in the vicinity of Krinigboriver;
  • 3000 endangered species are planted;
  • 4000 people sensitized on the protection of the ecosystem and on the importance of reforestation;
  • 2500 national volunteers are regularly supervised and monitored in the accomplishment of their mission in the Maritime Region.
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